Welcome to Galena Sport Physical Therapy's Stretching Guide for Alpine Skiing
Stretching is an essential part of successful skiing. A good stretching routine can help to minimize muscle imbalances, prevent injury, improve your exercise tolerance and your skiing performance. The following stretching program is designed for skiers who do not have any current injuries or individual stretching needs. If you have an injury, or a specific mechanical imbalance that may be holding back your skiing performance, your Galena Sport Physical Therapy Physical Therapist can design a stretching program just for you.
When is the Best Time to Stretch?
When your muscles are warm and relaxed! Skiing is a dynamic sport so you'll need both dynamic and static stretching. Dynamic stretches form part of your pre-ski warm-up. Static stretches can be included at the end of your cool down or at other times to improve your overall fitness.
General warm up (5-10 minutes). The aim of a general warm-up is to get the blood flowing to all parts of the body to be used during skiing, including the cardiovascular system. Beginners can warm up by walking or jogging, for example walking to your first ski lesson or the top of the beginners slope. Skiers with experience may choose a long, easy run to warm up on the snow. You may need to warm-up after you get to the top of your first runs. If your first ride to the top of the mountain takes 5 minutes or more, then any warm-up prior to then will be wasted.
Dynamic stretching - completed with skis off. Gradually the speed and intensity of your movement is increased. See below for stretches.
Technical and speed warm up - completed with skis on. For experienced skiers, this includes high intensity, skiing specific skills. Drills for speed and agility should be kept short with recovery time between drills to ensure you are not fatigued early in the day. For beginners, this includes practicing basic skiing skills, stopping and turning on an easy slope.
The pre-ski regime, including the dynamic stretching program below, will take at least 15 minutes to complete.
Cool down. A cool down allows the body, in particular the cardiovascular system, to gradually return to its resting state. A cool-down reduces your chances of becoming dizzy or faint after exercise, allows any waste such as lactic acid that has built up during exercise to dissipate and may reduce your chance of having Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS). Cool down by gradually reducing your skiing intensity, taking a long, easy slope for your last run, or walking for about 5-10 minutes. Static stretches. Commence your stretching regime directly after a short cool-down, before the muscles have cooled completely.
Rules for Dynamic Stretching:
Warm up your muscles first, then stretch while your muscles are still warm. Move through your range of movement, keeping control of the movement with your muscles. Do not allow momentum to control the movement by "flinging" or "throwing" your body parts around. You may feel light resistance in your muscles, but you should never feel pain during a stretch. Start with slow, low intensity movements, and gradually progress to full-speed, ski-like movements.
Dynamic Stretches - skis off:
(Transfer your weight from one side to the other in a smooth, continuous motion.)
Experienced skiers may do this dynamic stretch with skis on.
Rules for Static Stretching:
Warm up your muscles first, then stretch while your muscles are still warm.
Slowly take your muscles to the end of their range. You will feel light resistance in the muscle, but you should never feel pain during a stretch.
Hold the stretch in a static position. Do not bounce. This will help slow down the nerve impulses and return your muscles to a resting state.
Hold each stretch for 20-30 seconds. Repeat each stretch 3-4 times.
Static Stretches for Alpine Skiing:
These muscles are your prime movers for alpine skiing. You'll need to stretch these muscles after you ski. Don't forget to stretch both sides.